Strasbourg, 23.09.2014 - The Council of Europe’s group of experts on human trafficking, GRETA, has published its first reports on Andorra, Iceland, Italy, San Marino and Ukraine.
The reports look at the extent to which each of the five countries comply with the Council of Europe’s 2005 Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.
GRETA notes that Andorra is about to adopt legislation criminalising human trafficking and calls for this to be done without delay. GRETA also underlines the need to raise awareness of trafficking both among the general public and among professionals who are likely to come into contact with victims.
Concerning Iceland, GRETA urges the authorities to set up a formalised national referral mechanism for victims and to address trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation. Attention should also be paid to identifying victims among unaccompanied children, migrant workers and asylum seekers.
GRETA stresses the need for a comprehensive national anti-trafficking action plan in Italy, as well as a country-wide identification and referral system for victims. GRETA also underlines the importance of better co-ordination among those who are involved in fighting trafficking.
Further awareness-raising measures are also needed in San Marino, according to GRETA, and steps should be taken to systematically provide information to foreigners employed as domestic workers, carers or seasonal workers both on their rights and on the risks of trafficking.
Finally, the report on Ukraine highlights the need to address emerging trends such as the increase in trafficking for labour exploitation, internal trafficking and trafficking of foreign nationals into the country. GRETA is deeply concerned by the consequences of the current crisis in Ukraine on anti-trafficking activities and the growing number of people who are vulnerable to trafficking.
The Council of Europe convention is a legally-binding treaty which sets out a series of measures to help prevent trafficking, protect victims and prosecute offenders. It has so far been ratified by 41 of the Council of Europe’s 47 member states, plus Belarus.
Andorra and the Council of Europe
Iceland and the Council of Europe
Italy and the Council of Europe
San Marino and the Council of Europe
Ukraine and the Council of Europe