United Nations Security Council and European Union blacklists
In his report published in April 2007, the Swiss Senator Dick Marty, rapporteur to the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (PACE), investigates whether the groups and individuals placed on the ''blacklists'' of the United Nations and the European Union because of their links with terrorism are treated in accordance with Council of Europe standards for the protection of human rights.
According to the report, the United Nations blacklist is drawn up in total secrecy by a committee based in New York (the 1267 Committee), at the call of the members of the Security Council. Persons placed on the list are not informed of the fact and have no possibility of being heard, nor do they have any remedy.
Some 370 people world-wide whose assets have been frozen, cannot travel because the UN has put them on a blacklist. Some sixty groups and bodies are reportedly on another blacklist kept by the EU. "Mere suspicion" is ground enough for these sanctions.
Mr Marty says that these methods illustrate the dangerous erosion of rights and fundamental freedoms which is going on even in assemblies mandated to safeguard and further them, and discredits the international fight against terrorism.
Assembly demands review of blacklisting procedures
On 23 January 2008, the Parliamentary Assembly affirmed that procedures used by the UN Security Council and the European Union to blacklist individuals and groups suspected of having connections with terrorism, violate basic rights, are ''completely arbitrary'' and ''a violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms''. Opening the debate, rapporteur Dick Marty, (Switzerland, ALDE) stressed that 'injustice is terrorism's best ally – and we must fight it.'' (more ...)