The European Landscape Convention is the first international treaty on sustainable development based on a balanced and harmonious relationship between social needs, economic activity, the environment and the culture to be exclusively concerned with the valorisation of European landscape. Its purpose is to promote landscape protection, management and planning of European landscapes and to organise European co-operation on landscape issues.
It is extremely wide in scope: it applies to the parties’ entire territory and covers natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas, which include land, inland water and marine areas. The Convention deals with degraded landscapes as well as those that can be considered outstanding. In other words, it recognises the importance of all landscapes, and not just those of exceptional beauty, as having a crucial bearing on quality of life and as deserving attention in landscape policies. A great many rural and peri-urban areas in particular are undergoing drastic change and merit greater care from the authorities and the public.
The great experiences achieved in the Member States of the Organisation on the occasion of the sessions of the Landscape Award of the Council of Europe shows that it is possible to promote the territorial dimension of human rights and democracy improving the landscape features of people’s surroundings.
Website of the European Landscape Convention